New York State Chemistry RegentsNew York State Earth Science Regents

 
Homeostasis
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 14 PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 23 April 2009 11:50

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Correct Answer – Option 1 – can be used for photosynthesis

Carbon dioxide is not so large as not to pass through cell membranes. Hence, option 2 is incorrect.

It is needed for cellular respiration but the most suitable answer is option 1

Carbon dioxide cannot be used for the synthesis of proteins.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 20 PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 23 April 2009 12:06

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Correct Answer – Option 4 – ATP

Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose, to carbon dioxide and water. The energy released is trapped in the form of ATP for use by all the energy-consuming activities of the cell

Cellular respiration cannot convert glucose into DNA, starch or protein. Hence, options 1,2 and 3 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 22 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 03:55

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Correct Answer – Option 2 – white blood cell

White blood cells produce antibodies to defend the body from bacteria. The diagram above shows how the antibodies react with the bacteria to protect the human body from infections.

Red blood cells, liver cells and nerve cells do not produce antibodies. Hence, options 1,3 and 4 are incorrect.

Last Updated on Friday, 24 April 2009 04:10
 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 23 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 04:47

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Correct Answer – Option 3 – maintenance of homeostasis

Homeostasis is the body’s ability to refer physiologically its inner environment to ensure stability in response to fluctuations in the outside environment and water. In the human body, the liver, kidneys and brain help maintain homeostasis.

The graph depicts the changes in glucose and insulin levels referring to maintenance of homeostasis.

The other 3 options – an allergic reaction, an antigen-antibody reaction and an autotrophic nutrition are not relevant. Hence, options 1,2 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 27 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 08:18

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Correct Answer – Option 1 – The ecosystem will change until a new stable community is established

The tsunami affected the marine ecosystem hence, leading to change. This change will be in process until a new stable community will be established.

However, there is no assurance of continuation or extinction of ecological succession neither the extinction of organisms. Hence, options 2,3 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 31 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:18

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Correct Answer – Option 3 – Photosynthetic rate in the algae is greatest in blue light

Photosynthetic activity by algae leads to generation of oxygen. The graph above shows maximum oxygen production at the point of exposure of blue light to algae. Hence, we can interpret that under the influence of blue light photosynthetic rate in algae is highest.

Oxygen production increases as the wavelength of light increases from 550 to 650nm. Hence, option 1 is incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 36 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:38

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Correct Answer – Option 1 – simple sugars

Starch is digested into simple sugars. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Starch cannot be broken down into fats, amino acids or minerals. Hence, options 2,3 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 37 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:41

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Correct Answer – Option 3 – an enzyme

An enzyme acts as a catalyst accelerating a reaction. In the above diagram an enzyme helps the break down of the starch molecule into simple sugars. Hence, option 3 is correct.

An antibody, a receptor molecule or a hormone do not help in breaking a starch molecule into simple sugars. Hence, options 1, 2 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 38 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:44

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Correct Answer – Option 3 – a feedback mechanism

The statement in the question describes circulation of message to generate reaction i.e. a feedback mechanism.

The reaction of the pituitary gland to release hormone 2 on drop of blood pressure and in reaction to this gland B is stimulated to increase blood pressure and this in turn leads to the reduction in the release of hormone 2. This mechanism does not take place by DNA base substitution, or manipulation of genetic instructions or an antigen-antibody reaction. Hence, options 1, 2 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 41 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:52

image041Correct Answer – Option 1 – producing glucose

Plants use carbon dioxide and sun light, to break nutrients into simple sugars such as glucose for and in the process generate oxygen. The observation of bubbles of oxygen in the tube shows the production of glucose. Hence, option 1 is correct.

Plants do not make protein. Hence, option 2 is incorrect.

Plants do not release energy from water. Hence, option 3 is incorrect.

Active transport does not lead to the production of oxygen. Hence, option 4 is incorrect.

 
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