New York State Chemistry RegentsNew York State Earth Science Regents

 
Ecology
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 02 PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 23 April 2009 11:24

image002

Correct Answer – Option 2 – Temperature and amount of available water

Abiotic components are the nonliving components of an ecosystem. Chemical and geological factors, such as rocks and minerals, physical factors such as temperature and weather are referred to as abiotic factors.

Biodiversity is not a nonliving factor hence option 1 is incorrect.

Producers and decomposers in a forest ecosystem are living organisms. Hence, option 3 is incorrect.

Heterotrophs are living or biotic components of the forest ecosystem. Hence, option 4 is incorrect

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 03 PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 23 April 2009 11:28

image003

Correct Answer – Option 3 – Organisms in this food web are interdependent.

Only when organisms in a food web are interdependent the population, growth, or any character influencing one set of organisms will affect the other organisms which are interdependent.

In a food web both producers and consumers are important. Hence, option 1 is incorrect.

Both producers and consumers are needed to support the food web. Hence, option 2 is incorrect.

Due to various environmental, biotic and abiotic factors populations in a food web cannot be constant. Hence, Option 4 is incorrect.

Last Updated on Thursday, 23 April 2009 11:31
 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 24 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 04:52

image024
Correct Answer – Option 1 – Human actions are a threat to equilibrium in ecosystems.

The diagram above represents modifications of ecosystem by humans through the use of technology, consumption and population growth disrupting the equilibrium in ecosystems.

Hence, the options 2,3 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 25 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 08:07

image025
Correct Answer – Option 3 – industrialization has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the air

Increase in carbon dioxide leads to the green house effect leading to the overall increase in temperature at Earth’s surface.

Destruction of decomposers does not cause an increase in temperature. Hence, option 1 is incorrect.

Trees consume carbon dioxide to release oxygen. Hence, deforestation will lead to an increase in the level of oxygen. So, option 2 is incorrect.

Plants – crops again consume carbon dioxide to generate oxygen. And oxygen in the atmosphere does not lead to depletion of ozone layer. Hence, option 4 is incorrect.

Last Updated on Monday, 30 November 2009 16:12
 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 26 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 08:14

image026
Correct Answer – Option 2 – environmental carrying capacity

Decreasing completion may lead to an increase in frog population. Hence, option 1 is incorrect.

Excessive dissolved oxygen will help in the growth of water borne plants, providing more food for frogs.

This should lead to an increase in frog population. Hence, option 3 is incorrect.

The depth of water is not related to the population of the frogs. Hence, option 4 is incorrect.

Hence, the only reason why the frog population in a pond remains constant would be the carrying capacity of the environment. Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.

Last Updated on Monday, 30 November 2009 16:12
 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 28 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:03

image028
Correct Answer – Option 1 – The ecosystem will change until a new stable community is established

The tsunami affected the marine ecosystem hence, leading to change. This change will be in process until a new stable community will be established.

However, there is no assurance of continuation or extinction of ecological succession neither the extinction of organisms. Hence, options 2,3 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 29 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:07

image029
Correct Answer – Option 2 – recycling of nutrients

The mulching lawn movers cuts the grass clippings into very fine pieces and deposit them into soil do ensure decomposition and formation of nutrients to be utilized by the grass for growth. Hence, the recycling of nutrients takes place.

However this process does not ensure increasing the diversity of life, or control of pathogens or the production of new species. Hence, options 1,3 and 4 are incorrect.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 30 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:13

image030
Correct Answer – Option 4 – the loss of biodiversity

Deforestation of areas considered to be rich sources of genetic material cannot improve the quality of atmosphere, or cannot lead to maintenance of dynamic equilibrium nor lead to an increase in the rate of evolutionary change. Hence, options 1, 2 and 3 are incorrect.

Deforestation will definitely lead to loss of biodiversity. Hence, option 4 is the most apt answer.

Last Updated on Monday, 30 November 2009 16:13
 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 32 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:21

image032
Correct Answer – Option 1 – An increasing food supply from day 5 to day 6

According to the graph, the predator population is not equal in size to the prey population from day 5 to day 6. Hence, option 2 is incorrect.

The decrease in prey population is from day 0 to day 2 and again from day 6 to day 10. Hence, option 3 is not the most relevant interpretation of the graph.

Yeast does not become extinct on day 3. Hence, option 4 is incorrect.

Hence, option 1 is the correct interpretation of the graph.

 
Living Environment Regents August 2008 Question 34 PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 24 April 2009 10:30

image034
Correct Answer – Option 4 – a population at equilibrium

The graph in the portion labeled A is representing constant population following a sinusoidal curve providing the inference that the population is in equilibrium. Hence, option 1 is correct.

The graph has no information about biodiversity or nutritional relationship of the fish population. Hence, the interpretations in options 1 and 2 are incorrect.

At no point other than the start the graph becomes 0. Hence, the interpretation that the portion of the graph labeled A represents a population becoming extinct is incorrect.

Last Updated on Monday, 30 November 2009 16:14
 
<< Start < Prev 1 2 Next > End >>

Page 1 of 2

Copyright Information

All works and materials contained within this site Copyright © 2009 Technology Strategies For Success inc.

Disclaimer

We are not affiliated with, nor endorsed by, the New York State Education Department.

The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. The information is provided by "Technology Strategies for Success" and while we strive to keep the information up-to-date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk.