New York State Chemistry RegentsNew York State Earth Science Regents

 
Living Environment Regents June 2004 Question 59 PDF Print E-mail

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AIDS or Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is caused by the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV attacks the immune system of the body by weakening the immune system making the human vulnerable to opportunistic infections and tumors. Most AIDS cases are due to sexual contact with another individual infected with HIV. Thus, safe sex is promoted by using condoms. Another mode of transmission is by contact with body fluids like blood and sputum of an infected individual. Healthcare personnel who are most often exposed to these body fluids of various individuals are advised to follow precautionary methods. These include frequent washing of hands and usage of barriers such as gloves, masks, protective eyeware or shields, and gowns or aprons which prevent exposure of the skin or mucous membranes to blood borne pathogens.

 

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